What is an Intrastate Pipeline?

  • What exactly is natural gas?Open or Close

    Natural gas is comprised of hydrocarbon gases, primarily methane (one carbon atom and 4 hydrogen atoms – CH4), and is found far below the earth’s surface, formed from organic material over millions of years. Natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel.

  • What is the role of natural gas transmission companies in the overall natural gas usage picture?Open or Close

    The natural gas industry is considered to be broken down into four main sectors: production, gathering and processing, transmission, and distribution. Natural gas transmission plays a vital role in making natural gas a fuel source able to be used by providing a link between sellers and buyers. Interstate transmission companies transport gas between states. Intrastate transmission companies transport gas within a state.

  • What is Production?Open or Close

    Process of taking raw natural gas from underground formations.

  • What is Gathering & Processing?Open or Close

    Process of stripping out impurities and other hydrocarbons and fluids to produce pipeline quality natural gas (95-98% methane).

  • What is Transmission?Open or Close

    Process of delivering natural gas from wellhead and processing plants to city gate stations or industrial/electric power generation end users.

    A natural gas transmission company generally transports natural gas over its mainlines for delivery to either end use customers, which use the natural gas in their processes (for example industrial customers or electric power generators) or to local distribution companies, which distribute the natural gas to end use customers via low pressure distribution lines.

  • What is Distribution?Open or Close

    Process of delivering natural gas from city gate stations to end users (for example, residential and commercial users).

  • Where are natural gas lines found?Open or Close

    Most gas lines are buried underground in a vast network of large-diameter transmission and distribution pipes called mains. These mains are located across the United States and allow for seamless delivery from the origin point to the end user’s delivery point.

  • Besides transmission and distribution lines, what other facilities are needed to transport natural gas?Open or Close

    Natural gas transporters also maintain compressor stations, metering stations and valves. The SCADA system provides real-time information with regard to the overall operations of the pipeline. SCADA stands for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.

  • What agency is responsible for oversight of intrastate pipelines?Open or Close
    • Interstate natural gas transportation pipelines are regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).
    • Peninsula Pipeline is a natural gas intrastate transmission company subject to the jurisdiction of the Florida Public Service Commission (FPSC). Peninsula Pipeline is subject to the rules and regulations of PSC Chapter 25-12.
    • Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (NGTPIRA) confers authority to regulate the rates of intrastate pipelines on the Florida Public Service Commission (FPSC)
    • Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (NGTPSA)
      • Establishes a centralized permitting and certification process for the location of natural gas transmission pipeline corridors in Florida
      • The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is designated the lead agency responsible for processing transmission pipeline certification applications

    Exemptions Under the Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Sitting Act

    • Pipelines which are less than 15 miles in length or which do not cross a county line.
    • Pipelines receiving a 7 (c) certificate from FERC, or a pipeline to an electric plant certified under the Florida Electric Power Plant Siting Act.
    • Pipelines owned and operated by municipalities, LDCs or special gas districts.

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